Other

Toadstool - mushroom


Characteristics

Surname: Toadstool
Other names: ?
Latin name: Amanita muscaria
mushroom family: Pearling relatives
Number of species: /
circulation area: Northern Hemisphere
toxicity: poisonous
contained poisons: Ibotenic acid, muscimol, muscarin
Locations: mainly among birches and spruces
Appearance: orange to red hat with white dots
GrцЯeHat (up to 15cm), stem (5-15cm long)
use: no use

Note

All information is for educational purposes only and is not suitable for identifying edible mushrooms / toadstools. Eat or Never use found mushrooms without appropriate expertise! Depending on the mushroom, only a few grams can be fatal.

Interesting facts about the fly agaric

Of the Toadstool or Amanita muscaria belongs to the family of the amanita and is a Mykorrhizapilz, which enters primarily with birches, gladly however also with spruces symbioses and prefers sour soils. It appears in deciduous and coniferous forests in the lowlands and mountains from July to October and is as much at home in Northern Europe as it is in Asia and America.
Its high degree of fame is due to its intensely scarlet or orange-red hat, whose skin is gleaming and flaky with white remnants of the velum universal, the skin of the young mushroom, which opens after spore maturity. These flakes are easily removed and give the mushroom its characteristic appearance. The hat appears hemispherical to almost spherical in young specimens and is firmly attached to the white stem. As the toadstool ages, the hat flares and becomes flat. It can have a diameter of up to fifteen centimeters and has white lamellae at the bottom.
Remnants of the velum are also on the stem, which can be up to fifteen (in exceptional cases also twenty) inches high, in the form of a well-formed and large cuff to recognize. The stalk is first filled, but becomes hollow over time and grows from a thick and strong tuber at the base.
Toadstools are highly poisonous, but due to their high profile and their distinctive appearance, only a small percentage of all fungal poisoning. The toxins muscarine, muscimol and ibotenic acid are present in their highest concentration in the skin. When these or large quantities of meat are consumed, after a short latency period of a maximum of four hours, at first there may be abdominal pain, vomiting and vomiting, and subsequently intestinal obstruction, hallucinations, psychotic states and dizziness may occur. In about five percent of all cases poisoning by toadstools ends with death due to respiratory paralysis or circulatory failure.
Despite the poisonous effect, the fly agaric is a positively positive symbol of happiness and untouched nature. Especially in pictorial representations in children's literature and many fairy tales, the bright red mushroom is a popular symbol.