SurnamePhotos: Asian tiger mosquito
Latin name: Stegomyia albopicta
size: 4 - 10mm
Older: as Imago about 1 - 4 weeks
Appearance: striped black and white
food: Blood and nectar
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Blood-eaters (hematophagus), sap
distribution: North America, South America, Europe, Southeast Asia
original origin: South East Asia
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
natural enemies: Predatory insects
sexual maturity: immediately with the completed development from the larva to the insect
mating season: depending on location
oviposition: 30 - 100 eggs
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting facts about the Asian tiger mosquito
- The Asian tiger mosquito or Stegomyia albopicta describes a mosquito that originates from the tropical and subtropical areas of South and Southeast Asia.
- The Asian tiger mosquito owes its name to its striking drawing on the legs, which appears in black and white stripes. The white lines on the back and head are also distinctive features.
- Due to carry-over, the Asian tiger mosquito has gradually spread to Europe, North Africa, the Middle East and North America since the late 1970s. In Europe today it is not only located in the Balkans and in the countries of the Mediterranean, but also in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
- Higher winters and higher rainfall due to global warming offer the extremely adaptable Asian tiger mosquito ideal living conditions even in cooler regions of Europe.
- The Asian tiger mosquito is among the hundred fastest-spreading animals worldwide.
- Since this mosquito is a vector of various diseases, some of which are very dangerous for humans, their rapid spread in Europe is being watched with great concern.
- Scientific research has shown that the Asian tiger mosquito can also transmit dangerous chikungunya fever, West Nile virus, yellow fever, and St. Louis encephalitis in addition to dengue fever.
- As with all other mosquitoes, even the Asian tiger mosquito only feeds the females with blood in order to produce eggs. In addition to human blood, the females also use the blood of birds and mammals as an important food source.
- The females always suck on active hosts during the day, which is why many meals are interrupted and continued on another host. This is why the Asian tiger mosquito is so important as a carrier of pathogens, including animals, to humans.
- The males, on the other hand, feed on flower nectar and plant juices.
- After mating, the female lays up to ninety black eggs one at a time in biotopes, pools, or tiny pools of water in tree stumps.
- After two weeks, the larvae hatch, which are an important food source for many species of insects, worms and crabs.