Latin name: Lissotron vulgaris
size: 6 - 10cm
mass: 2 - 3g
Older: in the wild about five years, in human custody up to 20 years
Appearance: gray-brown skin, rarely yellowish; sometimes spotted
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Insectivore (insectivore)
food: Snails, worms, frog spawn, insect larvae
distribution: Europe, West Asia
original origin: Eurasia
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: fish-free ponds and ponds, as well as their environment
natural enemies: Stork, heron, dragonfly larvae, fish
sexual maturity: about the third / fourth year of life
mating season: March May
oviposition: 100 - 200 eggs
social behavior: ?
Threatened with extinction: Yes
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting about the pond newt
- The pond newt or Lissotron vulgaris describes a tail-lurch, which is native in large parts of Europe and some western countries of the Near East.
- Within the pond newts, a distinction is made according to the distribution area between several subspecies, which differ slightly in appearance.
- The pond newt is primarily found in open landscapes of lower elevations, but occasionally inhabits wooded areas and mountain regions.
- In Germany and Austria the pond newt is considered the most common type of newts.
- Compared to its close relative, the Fademmolch, the pond newt with a body length of about ten centimeters is slightly larger.
- He is tanned brown and dotted on the lighter side of the stomach with dark spots. Sometimes, between five and seven dark brown stripes run along the head.
- Like all newts, the newts live on land and in the water.
- Between autumn and spring, pond newts live exclusively on land.
- For reproduction, they migrate into stagnant water such as ponds and ponds. There they take on the so-called water freight, which differs significantly in females and males.
- While the females only take on a slightly more intense color during this time, the males make a big change. They develop a high wave crest running all over the back. The belly side is like the underside of the tail bright orange, in addition to the side shows a silvery shiny blue stripes.
- Between March and May, females lay up to three hundred eggs in sunlit, warm spawning waters, attaching them to fallen leaves or aquatic plants.
- Like all newts, pond newts are cold-blooded animals, which during the cold seasons are in a winter stare and become mobile again with rising temperatures.
- Pond newts spend the winter in a frost-protected and humid place under roots, piles of stone or leaves and in Erdhöhlen.
- The pond newt is nocturnal and goes with the onset of darkness on the hunt for insects, small mollusks or worms. In the summer he loots small crabs as well as spawning and larvae of his fellow species and other animals in the water.
- Pond newts are an important source of food for many aquatic birds, fish and insects.
- In the wild, pond newts are only a few years old, but can reach a life of over twenty years in captivity.