Stone Age diet? Definition:
The Stone Age nutrition, also as Paleo Diet (English Paleolithic = Paleolithic) known, is a diet, in which the diet is based on those foods that were already part of the diet during the Paleolithic era. The name supplement 'diet' is misleading, as it is strictly speaking less a diet than a dietary style.
The Palaeolithic period covers a total period of two million years (2 million BC to 10,000 BC). However, modern man (Homo sapiens sapiens) did not appear in its present form until 200,000 years ago. Around 10,000 BC Then the cultivation of land and livestock gradually ended the time of the Hunters and collectors, The theoretical basis for the Stone Age diet is therefore the period between the first appearance of modern man (200,000 BC), and the transition to the Neolithic (around 10,000 BC).
Assumptions, archaeological finds and logical conclusions about the diet of the Stone Age people form the basis of this diet. Although the exact nutrition or the ratio of the respective amounts can not be safely reconstructed, many foods can already be excluded with human expertise (for example industrial sugar, soft drinks or sweets).
Food, which also had the people of the Paleolithic at that time:
animals: Meat, fish, mussels, snails, insects
plants: Vegetables, herbs, mushrooms, seeds, roots
fruit: Fruits and berries
Other natural products: Eggs, honey and nuts
Foods that were not available at the time:
food: Bread, pastries, pasta, potatoes, cheese, sugar
beverages: Beer, milk, soft drinks and coffee
Arguments for the Stone Age nutrition
Main argument of the followers of the Paleo diet: The modern man has changed in terms of genetics in the last 200,000 years only marginally. In contrast, the diet, especially in the last 100 years, has undergone a very strong change. Many new foods (industrial sugar, dairy, baked goods) and ingredients (e.g., flavor enhancers, artificial additives) have been added. In this short time, however, humans could not physiologically adapt to the digestion of new foods. Our body is still focused on the foods that were consumed in the Stone Age. In it, advocates of the Stone Age diet also see the cause of many civilization diseases. A well-known example is, for example, lactose: 80% of the world's population can no longer digest lactose (lactose) during adulthood. Only a relatively 'young' mutation in the genome of man has ever led to making dairy products usable for the body.